Common Plasmidsaurus Errors

OK, so we all know that Plasmidsaurus nanopore sequencing isn’t perfect. Every time I see the mistake at the 5′ end of the IRES sequence I know to ignore it, but there are bunch of other ones that I still repeatedly run into (but not quite as frequently) such that I don’t have it memorized and am not sure if I should be ignoring it right off the bat. Thus, I’m going to keep a list of repeated erroneous calls here on this page so I’m reminded to ignore them in the future.

Visual evidence of individual example listed below. But here’s a summary of Plasmidsaurus errors to ignore:

  1. IRES – deletions near the 5′ end
  2. mCherry – W63R or Q114R
  3. mScarlet – errors at R71 (sometimes R71G) and S113/L114 (including L114P).
  4. mKG – L96P
  5. Puromycin resistance gene PAC – R18G or L125P
  6. shBleR – Q56R
  7. Silent or frameshift mutations at the NPGP motif at the 3’end of the P2A sequence

In fact, be very suspicious of any unexpected L -> P mutant through Plasmidsaurus seq. And maybe Q -> R muts too.

Since almost all of my plasmids have this IRES sequence in it, I almost always run across this error (although it’s usually a 1nt miscall rather than 2nt like this example).
This Puromycin R18G error is annoying b/c it looks like it could be really problematic.
I don’t use mScarlet-I all that often, but when I do, Plasmidsaurus sometimes gives me this L114P erroneous call.
Here it gets screwed up in the same area but mysteriously called an A insertion, making it an S113fs.
It also has issues with mScarlet-I R71. Sometimes it calls it a silent mutation, but other times it calls it as R71G.
An insertion (which, if true, would make a frameshift) in the NPGP motif toward the 3’end of P2A.
Puro L125P
mCherry W63R
mCherry Q114R
mKG L96P
shBleR Q56R.

Edit 2/9/24: Here’s another one. A nt insertion in Asp residue at around position 4 or so of the histone 2A protein.